Media Planning - A sequence of decisions involving the delivery of messages to audiences.
Media Objectives - Goals to be attained by the media strategy and program.
Media Strategy - Decisions on how the media objectives can be attained.
Media - The various categories of delivery systems, including broadcast and print media.
Broadcast Media - Either radio or television network or local station broadcasts.
Print Media - Publications such as newspapers and magazines.
Media Vehicle - The specific message carrier, such as the Washington Post or 60 Minutes.
Coverage - The potential audience that might receive the message through the vehicle.
Reach - The actual number of individual audience members reached at least once by the vehicle in a given period of time.
Frequency - The number of times the receiver is exposed to vehicle in a specific time period.
Problems in Media Planning
Lack of information
Serious time pressure
Developing the Media Plan
Analyse the Market
Establish Media Objectives
Develop Media Strategy
Implement Media Strategy
Where to promote?
Brand & Category Analysis
Brand Development Index (BDI) = (%of brand sales to total US sales in market/% of total US population in market)*100
Category Development Index (CDI) = (% of product category total sales in market/% of total US population in market)*100
Media Planning Criteria Considerations
The media mix
Target market coverage
Reach versus frequency
Creative aspects and mood
Three Scheduling Methods
Reach & Frequency
Effects of Reach & Frequency
1. One exposure of an ad to a target group within a purchase cycle has little or no effect in most circumstances.
2. Since one exposure is usually ineffective, the central goal of productive media planning should be to enhance frequency rather than reach.
3. The evidence suggests strongly that an exposure frequency of two within a purchase cycle is an effective level.
4. Beyond three exposures within a brand purchase cycle or over a period of four or even eight weeks, increasing frequency continues to build advertising effectiveness at a decreasing rate but with no evidence of decline.
5. Although there are general principles with respect to frequency of exposure and its relationship to advertising effectiveness, differential effects by brand are equally important
6. Frequency response principles or generalizations do not vary by medium.
7. The data strongly suggest that wear out is not a function of too much frequency. It is more of a creative or copy problem.
Marketing Factors Important to Determining Frequency
Competitive share of voice
Message or Creative Factors Important to Determining Frequency
New vs. continuing campaigns
Image versus product sell
Determining Relative Cost of Media
Cost per thousand (CPM) = (Cost of ad space-absolute cost/Circulation)*1000
Cost per rating point (CPRP) = (Cost of commercial time/Program rating)
Various Communication Media Sources